Mitral Valve replacement By magnusmedi

13 August 2019 Health ≈ Diseases and Conditions

The surgical procedure is performed for mitral valve regurgitation. A poorly working mitral valve is replaced with an artificial working mitral valve.

The mitral valve is located between the left heart chambers (left atrium and left ventricle). The surgical procedure is performed for mitral valve regurgitation. A poorly working mitral valve is replaced with an artificial working mitral valve. In most cases, the valve replacement is an open-heart surgery, where the surgeon opens the chest and your heart to remove and replace the damaged heart. Another option is the Minimally invasive type of surgery. The valve can be replaced through a small incision near the breastbone.

In mitral valve regurgitation, the flap of the mitral valve doesn’t close tightly causing blood to leak backward into the left atrium. This condition is called Mitral Valve Prolapse. There are several mitral valve diseases exits. The mitral valve lies between the left atrium and the left ventricle and it is one of the heart's four-valves. When it is working in the right way, the valve opens and the blood flows out of the atrium and it closes back. But sometimes, it doesn't close as it should and let the blood leak back into the atrium. This condition is called Mitral Valve Regurgitation.

Treatment for mitral valve regurgitation depends on how severe your condition is. If your condition is worse and you are experiencing the sign and symptoms then either Mitral valve regurgitation or Mitral valve repair, based on your health condition your doctor will suggest the most appropriate treatment. While evaluating your doctor will reform some physical examination, review your medical history and performed tests.

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If your condition is mild and you are not experiencing any symptoms then your doctor may prescribe medications to manage symptoms. Also, you may not need any surgery.

However, the mitral valve may eventually need to replace or repair. In some cases, even if you are not experiencing any symptoms a doctor may recommend mitral valve repair or mitral valve replacement.


Performing surgery in a person with severe mitral valve regurgitation who isn't experiencing symptoms, rather than monitoring the condition, can improve long-term outcomes.

If you have some other heart condition and any heart surgery is recommended, in addition to mitral valve disease, the doctor may conduct both the condition at same time.

Depend on your condition doctor will discuss whether mitral valve repair or mitral valve replacement treatment is more appropriate for your condition. Doctors will also evaluate whether you're a candidate for minimally invasive heart surgery or open-heart surgery.

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Types of Mitral valve replacement

  • Annuloplasty - This type is performed to tighten the ring around a valve in the heart. This procedure may be performed during other procedures to repair a heart valve.
  • Valvuloplasty - This type is also known as balloon valvuloplasty or balloon valvotomy. It is a procedure to repair a heart valve that has a narrowed opening. In this condition, the valve becomes think or stiff and they may fuss together causing valve narrow opening and results in reduced blood flow through the valve.



Some risk is associated with Mitral valve replacement

  • Bleeding.
  • Blood clots.
  • Valve dysfunction in replacement valves.
  • Heart rhythm problems.
  • Infection.
  • Stroke.

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Mitral valve replacement Procedure

During the procedure, you'll receive anaesthetics and you will be unconscious throughout the procedure. You will be connected to a heart-lung bypass machine, which keeps blood moving through your body during the procedure. Mitral valve replacement surgery generally may be performed with open-heart surgery or with minimally invasive heart surgery or robot-assisted heart surgery.

If the mitral heart can’t repair, then a doctor will recommend replacement surgery. In this procedure, the surgeon will remove the mitral valve and replace it with an artificial valve. If you having an artificial valve then you need to take a blood-thinning tablet for the rest of your life to prevent blood cloth. In order to preserve valve, function a doctor preserve the cords supporting the valve during the procedure.

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The surgical procedure is performed for mitral valve regurgitation. A poorly working mitral valve is replaced with an artificial working mitral valve.

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